Platelet 12-lipoxygenase activation via glycoprotein VI - Involvement of multiple signaling pathways in agonist control of H(P)ETE synthesis

M.J. Coffey, Gavin Jarvis, J.M. Gibbins, B. Coles, N.E. Barrett, O.R.E. Wylie, V.B. O'Donnell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

34 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Lipoxygenases (LOX) contribute to vascular disease and inflammation through generation of bioactive lipids, including 12-hydro(pero)xyeicosatetraenoic acid (12-H(P)ETE). The physiological mechanisms that acutely control LOX product generation in mammalian cells are uncharacterized. Human platelets that contain a 12-LOX isoform (p12-LOX) were used to define pathways that activate H( P) ETE synthesis in the vasculature. Collagen and collagen-related peptide (CRP) (1 to 10 mug/mL) acutely induced platelet 12-H(P)ETE synthesis. This implicated the collagen receptor glycoprotein VI ( GPVI), which signals via the immunoreceptor-based activatory motif (ITAM)-containing FcRgamma chain. Conversely, thrombin only activated at high concentrations (> 0.2 U/mL), whereas U46619 and ADP alone were ineffective. Collagen or CRP-stimulated 12-H( P) ETE generation was inhibited by staurosporine, PP2, wortmannin, BAPTA/AM, EGTA, and L-655238, implicating src-tyrosine kinases, PI3-kinase, Ca2+ mobilization, and p12-LOX translocation. In contrast, protein kinase C (PKC) inhibition potentiated 12-H( P) ETE generation. Finally, activation of the immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motif (ITIM)-containing platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule (PECAM-1) inhibited p12-LOX product generation. This study characterizes a receptor-dependent pathway for 12-H(P) ETE synthesis via the collagen receptor GPVI, which is negatively regulated by PECAM-1 and PKC, and demonstrates a novel link between immune receptor signaling and lipid mediator generation in the vasculature.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1598-1605
Number of pages8
JournalCirculation Research
Volume94
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 25 Jun 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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