Polyamine system in developing rat eye and an animal model of retinopathy of prematurity

M. Gralek, K. Sasiak, A. Wojcik, T. A. Gardiner, W. A. Fogel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: In experimental models of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), a vasoproliferative disorder of the retina, retinal lesions are usually assessed by morphological examination. However, studies suggest that the polyamine system may be useful in monitoring proliferation processes. For this reason, polyamine concentrations in rat erythrocytes (RBC) and the regulation of polyamine system in rat eyes under the conditions relevant to ROP were investigated. METHODS: Newborn Wistar rats were reared in room air (control) or exposed first to hyperoxia (60% or 80% oxygen, 2 weeks) and then to normoxia (relative hypoxia, 1 or 2 weeks). Blood was collected from orbital vessels at 2 weeks of age and before death. Polyamine system-related enzyme activities were measured in retina and lens with radioassays. Polyamines were quantified by fluorometry after extraction, dansylation and HPLC separation. RESULTS: Oxygen (80% only) significantly decreased RBC polyamine concentrations, which then markedly increased after rats were transferred for a week to normal air, suggesting retardation of growth processes and compensatory stimulation, respectively. However, polyamine system changes in the rat eye were not so pronounced. Enzyme activities and polyamine concentrations tended to be lower in retina after hyperoxia and were only slightly higher, with the exception of ornithine decarboxylase, after a subsequent 1 week of normoxia. In litters subjected to normoxia for longer periods no changes were found. CONCLUSION: The transient and short-lived alteration in polyamine metabolism, especially in the eye, suggests that exposure of newborn rats to high oxygen supplementation followed by normoxia does not necessarily result in marked retinopathy.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)781-786
Number of pages6
JournalGraefe's archive for clinical and experimental ophthalmology = Albrecht von Graefes Archiv fur klinische und experimentelle Ophthalmologie
Volume237
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 01 Sep 1999

Bibliographical note

LR: 20061115; JID: 8205248; 0 (Polyamines); 7782-44-7 (Oxygen); EC 4.1.1.17 (Ornithine Decarboxylase); ppublish

Keywords

  • Aging/metabolism
  • Animals
  • Animals, Newborn/growth & development/metabolism
  • Erythrocytes/metabolism
  • Eye/drug effects/growth & development/metabolism
  • Humans
  • Hyperoxia/enzymology
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Ornithine Decarboxylase/metabolism
  • Oxygen/pharmacology
  • Polyamines/blood/metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Retina/enzymology/metabolism
  • Retinopathy of Prematurity/enzymology/metabolism/pathology

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