Polycomb protein RING1A limits hematopoietic differentiation in myelodysplastic syndromes

Anna Palau, Anne Kathrin Garz, Jeannine Diesch, Anabel Zwick, Roberto Malinverni, Vanesa Valero, Katrina Lappin, Raquel Casquero, Andreas Lennartsson, Johannes Zuber, Tomàs Navarro, Ken I. Mills, Katharina S. Götze, Marcus Buschbeck*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)
176 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Genetic lesions affecting epigenetic regulators are frequent in myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS). Polycomb proteins are key epigenetic regulators of differentiation and stemness that act as two multimeric complexes termed polycomb repressive complexes 1 and 2, PRC1 and PRC2, respectively. While components and regulators of PRC2 such as ASXL1 and EZH2 are frequently mutated in MDS and AML, little is known about the role of PRC1. To analyze the role of PRC1, we have taken a functional approach testing PRC1 components in loss- and gain-of-function experiments that we found overexpressed in advanced MDS patients or dynamically expressed during normal hematopoiesis. This approach allowed us to identify the enzymatically active component RING1A as the key PRC1 component in hematopoietic stem cells and MDS. Specifically, we found that RING1A is expressed in CD34+ bone marrow progenitor cells and further overexpressed in high-risk MDS patients. Knockdown of RING1A in an MDS-derived AML cell line facilitated spontaneous and retinoic acid-induced differentiation. Similarly, inactivation of RING1A in primary CD34+ cells augmented erythroid differentiation. Treatment with a small compound RING1 inhibitor reduced the colony forming capacity of CD34+ cells from MDS patients and healthy controls. In MDS patients higher RING1A expression associated with an increased number of dysplastic lineages and blasts. Our data suggests that RING1A is deregulated in MDS and plays a role in the erythroid development defect.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)115002-115017
Number of pages16
JournalOncotarget
Volume8
Issue number70
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Dec 2017

Keywords

  • Cellular differentiation
  • Epigenetic regulation
  • Hematopoietic stem cells
  • Myelodysplastic syndromes
  • Polycomb repressive complexes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology

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