Interval Markov decision processes (IMDPs) extend classical MDPs by allowing intervals to be used as transition probabilities. They provide a powerful modelling tool for probabilistic systems with an additional variation or uncertainty that relaxes the need of knowing the exact transition probabilities, which are usually difficult to get from real systems. In this paper, we discuss a notion of alternating probabilistic bisimulation to reduce the size of the IMDPs while preserving the probabilistic CTL properties it satisfies from both computational complexity and compositional reasoning perspectives. Our alternating probabilistic bisimulation stands on the competitive way of resolving the IMDP nondeterminism which in turn finds applications in the settings of the controller (parameter) synthesis for uncertain (parallel) probabilistic systems. By using the theory of linear programming, we improve the complexity of computing the bisimulation from the previously known EXPTIME to PTIME. Moreover, we show that the bisimulation for IMDPs is a congruence with respect to two facets of parallelism, namely synchronous product and interleaving. We finally demonstrate the practical effectiveness of our proposed approaches by applying them on several case studies using a prototypical tool.
|Title of host publication||Dependable Software Engineering. Theories, Tools, and Applications|
|Subtitle of host publication||Dependable Software Engineering. Theories, Tools, and Applications - Third International Symposium, SETTA 2017, Changsha, China, October 23-25, 2017, Proceedings|
|Number of pages||17|
|Publication status||Published - 01 Nov 2017|