Polypyrrole decorated metal-organic frameworks for supercapacitor devices

Nigel Patterson, Bo Xiao, Anna Ignaszak

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Abstract

Due to their large specific surface areas and porosity, metal–organic frameworks (MOFs) have found many applications in catalysis, gas separation, and gas storage. However, their use as electronic components such as supercapacitors is stunted due to their poor electrical conductivity. We report a remedy for this by combining the MOF structure with polypyrrole (PPy), a well-known conductive polymer. Three MOFs are studied for modification to this end: CPO-27-Ni and CPO-27-Co (M2DOBDC, M = Ni2+, Co2+, DOBDC = 2,5-dihydroxy-1,4-benzenedicarboxylate) and HKUST-1 (Cu3(BTC)2, BTC = 1,3,5 benzenetricarboxylate). The gravimetric capacitance of pure MOFs is boosted several orders of magnitude after reinforcement of PPy (e.g., from 0.679 to 185 F g−1 for HKUST-1 and PPy–HKUST-1, respectively), and is much higher than reported for pure PPy. In total, these PPy-d-MOFs exhibit specific capacitances up to 354 F g−1, retaining 70% of this value even after 2500 cycles. Among them, the highest capacitance is found for PPy–CPO-27-Ni (354 F g−1), followed by PPy–CPO-27-Co (263 F g−1) and PPy–HKUST-1 (185 F g−1). The maximum operating potential for these electrodes is 0.5 V, which is restricted by the contact of MOF with aqueous electrolyte and with extremely low PPy content. As a solution, higher PPy loading and rational adjustment of particle size and porosity of both MOF and PPy are recommended so that the MOF/electrolyte interface is limited, leading to more robust electrode. The work completed here describes a highly promising approach to tackling the electrically insulating nature of MOFs, paving the way for their use in electrochemical energy storage devices.


Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20162-20172
Number of pages11
JournalRSC Advances
Volume10
Issue number34
Early online date27 May 2020
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 27 May 2020

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