Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: focus on neuroinflammation

Jimeng Li, Lei Tong, Bettina C Schock, Li-Li Ji

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), gaining increasing attention, is a multifaceted psychiatric disorder that occurs following a stressful or traumatic event or series of events. Recently, several studies showed a close relationship between PTSD and neuroinflammation. Neuroinflammation, a defense response of the nervous system, is associated with the activation of neuroimmune cells such as microglia and astrocytes and with changes in inflammatory markers. In this review, we first analyzed the relationship between neuroinflammation and PTSD: the effect of stress-derived activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis on the main immune cells in the brain and the effect of stimulated immune cells in the brain on the HPA axis. We then summarize the alteration of inflammatory markers in brain regions related to PTSD. Astrocytes are neural parenchymal cells that protect neurons by regulating the ionic microenvironment around neurons. Microglia are macrophages of the brain that coordinate the immunological response. Recent studies on these two cell types provided new insight into neuroinflammation in PTSD. These contribute to promoting comprehension of neuroinflammation, which plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of PTSD. [Abstract copyright: © 2023. The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature.]
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages16
JournalMolecular Neurobiology
Early online date01 Apr 2023
Publication statusEarly online date - 01 Apr 2023


  • Microglia
  • Neuroinflammation
  • Inflammation
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder
  • Astrocyte


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