Power allocation for massive MIMO-ISAC systems

Bin Liao, Hien Quoc Ngo, Michail Matthaiou, Peter J. Smith

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Arrays with a large number of antennas can achieve outstanding performance for both communication and radar sensing. This motivates us to investigate the transmit beamforming design for massive multiple-input multiple-output integrated sensing and communications (mMIMO-ISAC) systems. Inspired by the facts that linear precoding methods can provide very good performance in mMIMO and that a dual-function ISAC transmit beamformer should be suitable for both communication and radar sensing, we propose an implementation-friendly mMIMO-ISAC transmit beamformer as a weighted combination of a linear precoder and a pre-designed array beamformer. The weights are selected and adjusted through the powers allocated to the beamformers, while the design problem is formulated as a total transmit power minimization, while satisfying the requirements for both sensing and communication. Leveraging the use-and-then-forget strategy, simplified performance metrics for communication and sensing under the proposed mMIMO-ISAC transmit model are derived, which yields linear programming (LP) problems for the design. It is shown that analytical solutions can be obtained and, hence, the proposed design is computationally very attractive. Simulations are carried out to demonstrate the effectiveness and performance of the proposed methods.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages17
JournalIEEE Transactions on Wireless Communications
Early online date13 Jun 2024
Publication statusEarly online date - 13 Jun 2024

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