Predicting criminality from child maltreatment typologies and posttraumatic stress symptoms

Ask Elklit*, Karen Inge Karstoft, Cherie Armour, Dagmar Feddern, Mogens Christoffersen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The associations between childhood abuse and subsequent criminality and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are well known. However, a major limitation of research related to childhood abuse and its effects is the focus on one particular type of abuse at the expense of others. Recent work has established that childhood abuse rarely occurs as a unidimensional phenomenon. Therefore, a number of studies have investigated the existence of abuse typologies. Methods: The study is based on a Danish stratified random probability survey including 2980 interviews of 24-year-old people. The sample was constructed to include an oversampling of child protection cases. Building on a previous latent class analysis of four types of childhood maltreatment, three maltreatment typologies were used in the current analyses. A criminality scale was constructed based on seven types of criminal behavior. PTSD symptoms were assessed by the PC-PTSD Screen. Results: Significant differences were found between the two genders with males reporting heightened rates of criminality. Furthermore, all three maltreatment typologies were associated with criminal behavior with odds ratios (ORs) from 2.90 to 5.32. Female gender had an OR of 0.53 and possible PTSD an OR of 1.84. Conclusion: The independent association of participants at risk for PTSD and three types of maltreatment with criminality should be studied to determine if it can be replicated, and considered in social policy and prevention and rehabilitation interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Article number19825
JournalEuropean Journal of Psychotraumatology
Issue numberSUPPL.
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • Childhood maltreatment
  • Criminal behavior
  • Emotional abuse
  • Latent classes
  • National representative study
  • Posttraumatic stress disorder
  • Sexual abuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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