Permeation characteristics and fracture strength are the fundamental properties of concrete that influence the initiation and extent of damage and can form the basis by which deterioration can be predicted. The relationship between these properties and deterioration mechanisms is discussed along with the different models representing their interaction with the environment. Mehta presented a holistic model of the deterioration of concrete based on the environmental action on the microstructure of concrete. Using a similar approach, a detailed investigation on the causes of concrete deterioration is used to develop a macro-model for each mechanism relating to the physical properties of concrete. A single interaction model is then presented for all types of deterioration, emphasizing the permeation properties of concrete. Data from an in situ investigation of concrete bridges in Northern Ireland is used to validate this model. This is followed by a micro-predictive model which includes an ionic transport sub-model, a deterioration sub-model and a structural sub-model and affords quantitative prediction of the deterioration of concrete structures. The quantitative predictive capabilities of the micro-model are demonstrated with the use of reported experimental data.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Construction and Building Materials|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|