Preliminary investigation of mixed adsorbents for the removal of copper and methylene blue from aqueous solutions

Ahmad Albadarin, Jiabin Mo, Yoann Glocheux, Stephen Allen, Gavin Walker, Chirangano Mangwandi

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54 Citations (Scopus)
832 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

With most recent studies being focused on the development of
advanced chemical adsorbents, this paper investigates the possibility of
using two natural low-cost materials for selective adsorption. Multiadsorbent
systems containing tea waste and dolomite have been tested for
their effectiveness in the removal of copper and methylene blue from
aqueous solutions. The effects of contact time, solution pH and
adsorption isotherms on the sorption behaviour were investigated. The
Langmuir and Freundlich isotherms adequately described the adsorption of
copper ions and methylene blue by both materials in different systems.
The highest adsorption capacities for Cu and MB were calculated as 237.7
at pH 4.5 and 150.44 mg.g‒1 at pH 7 for DO and TW+DO respectively. Tea
waste (TW) and dolomite (DO) were characterized by Fourier transform
infrared spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy and Energy dispersive
X-ray analysis. The removal of Cu and MB by dolomite was mainly via
surface complexation while physisorption was responsible for most of the
Cu and MB adsorption onto tea waste. Identifying the fundamental mechanisms and behaviour is key to the development of practical multi-adsorbent packed columns.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)525
Number of pages534
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume255
Early online date27 Jun 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Nov 2014

Keywords

  • Multi-adsorbents
  • Dyes
  • Heavy metals
  • Wastewater
  • Adsorption technique

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