Preliminary Investigation on the Electrochemical Activity of Butanol Isomers as Potential Fuel for Direct Alcohol Fuel Cell

V. K. Puthiyapura, D. J. Brett, A. E. Russell, W. F. Lin, C. Hardacre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

A preliminary investigation of electrocatalytic oxidation activity ofbutanol isomers has been carried out to study their potential asfuels for direct alcohol fuel cells. The electrochemical study wascarried out on Pt and Pd electrodes using a three electrode cell setup in alkaline media. The primary alcohol isomers of butanol wereobserved to behave similarly in their electrochemical reactionswhereas 2-butanol showed completely different oxidation featureson both catalysts. For example, no poisoning effects were observedfor 2- butanol unlike for the primary butanol isomers. In contrast,tert-butanol did not show any oxidation reaction on Pt and Pdelectrodes. Furthermore, Pd was not active at all in acidic mediafor butanol oxidation. The reactivity of butanol isomers were foundto be in the order n-butanol>iso-butanol>2-butanol>tert-butanolbased on the oxidation current density values.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)809-816
Number of pages8
JournalECS Transactions
Volume69
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Event228th ECS Meeting- Phoenix, Arizona - United States of America, Arizona, United States
Duration: 11 Oct 201516 Oct 2015

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Direct alcohol fuel cells (DAFC)
Butenes
Isomers
Oxidation
Catalyst poisoning
Electrodes

Keywords

  • ELECTROCATALYSTS
  • fuel cell

Cite this

Puthiyapura, V. K. ; Brett, D. J. ; Russell, A. E. ; Lin, W. F. ; Hardacre, C. / Preliminary Investigation on the Electrochemical Activity of Butanol Isomers as Potential Fuel for Direct Alcohol Fuel Cell. In: ECS Transactions. 2015 ; Vol. 69 , No. 17. pp. 809-816.
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abstract = "A preliminary investigation of electrocatalytic oxidation activity ofbutanol isomers has been carried out to study their potential asfuels for direct alcohol fuel cells. The electrochemical study wascarried out on Pt and Pd electrodes using a three electrode cell setup in alkaline media. The primary alcohol isomers of butanol wereobserved to behave similarly in their electrochemical reactionswhereas 2-butanol showed completely different oxidation featureson both catalysts. For example, no poisoning effects were observedfor 2- butanol unlike for the primary butanol isomers. In contrast,tert-butanol did not show any oxidation reaction on Pt and Pdelectrodes. Furthermore, Pd was not active at all in acidic mediafor butanol oxidation. The reactivity of butanol isomers were foundto be in the order n-butanol>iso-butanol>2-butanol>tert-butanolbased on the oxidation current density values.",
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Preliminary Investigation on the Electrochemical Activity of Butanol Isomers as Potential Fuel for Direct Alcohol Fuel Cell. / Puthiyapura, V. K. ; Brett, D. J.; Russell, A. E.; Lin, W. F.; Hardacre, C.

In: ECS Transactions, Vol. 69 , No. 17, 2015, p. 809-816.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Preliminary Investigation on the Electrochemical Activity of Butanol Isomers as Potential Fuel for Direct Alcohol Fuel Cell

AU - Puthiyapura, V. K.

AU - Brett, D. J.

AU - Russell, A. E.

AU - Lin, W. F.

AU - Hardacre, C.

PY - 2015

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AB - A preliminary investigation of electrocatalytic oxidation activity ofbutanol isomers has been carried out to study their potential asfuels for direct alcohol fuel cells. The electrochemical study wascarried out on Pt and Pd electrodes using a three electrode cell setup in alkaline media. The primary alcohol isomers of butanol wereobserved to behave similarly in their electrochemical reactionswhereas 2-butanol showed completely different oxidation featureson both catalysts. For example, no poisoning effects were observedfor 2- butanol unlike for the primary butanol isomers. In contrast,tert-butanol did not show any oxidation reaction on Pt and Pdelectrodes. Furthermore, Pd was not active at all in acidic mediafor butanol oxidation. The reactivity of butanol isomers were foundto be in the order n-butanol>iso-butanol>2-butanol>tert-butanolbased on the oxidation current density values.

KW - ELECTROCATALYSTS

KW - fuel cell

U2 - 10.1149/06917.0809ecst

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M3 - Article

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