PURPOSE: Traditionally, preoperative posturing consisting of bed rest and positioning is prescribed to patients with macula-on retinal detachment (RD) to prevent RD progression and detachment of the fovea. Execution of such advice can be cumbersome and expensive. This study aimed to investigate if preoperative posturing affects the progression of RD.
DESIGN: Prospective cohort study.
PARTICIPANTS: Ninety-eight patients with macula-on RD were included. Inclusion criteria were volume optical coherence tomography (OCT) scans could be obtained with sufficient quality; and the smallest distance from the fovea to the detachment border was 1.25 mm or more.
METHODS: Patients were admitted to the ward for bed rest in anticipation of surgery and were positioned on the side where the RD was mainly located. At baseline and before and after each interruption for meals or toilet visits, a 37°×45° OCT volume scan was performed using a wide-angle Spectralis OCT (Heidelberg Engineering, Heidelberg, Germany). The distance between the nearest point of the RD border and fovea was measured using a custom-built measuring tool.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: The RD border displacement and the average RD border displacement velocity moving toward (negative) or away (positive) from the fovea were determined for intervals of posturing and interruptions.
RESULTS: The median duration of intervals of posturing was 3.0 hours (interquartile range [IQR], 1.8-14.0 hours; n = 202) and of interruptions 0.37 hours (IQR, 0.26-0.50 hours; n = 197). The median RD border displacement was 2 μm (IQR, -65 to +251 μm) during posturing and -61 μm (IQR, -140 to 0 μm) during interruptions, a statistically significant difference (P < 0.001, Mann-Whitney U test). The median RD border displacement velocity was +1 μm/hour (IQR, -21 to +49 μm/hour) during posturing and -149 μm/hour (IQR, -406 to +1 μm/hour) during interruptions, a statistically significant difference (P < 0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: By making use of usual interruptions of preoperative posturing we were able to show, in a prospective and ethically acceptable manner, that RD stabilizes during posturing and progresses during interruptions in patients with macula-on RD. Preoperative posturing is effective in reducing progression of RD.
- Bed Rest
- Cohort Studies
- Disease Progression
- Fovea Centralis
- Middle Aged
- Preoperative Care
- Prospective Studies
- Retinal Detachment
- Scleral Buckling
- Tomography, Optical Coherence
- Visual Acuity
- Comparative Study
- Journal Article