Preparation, Chemical Composition, Characterization, and Properties of Napier Grass Paper Sheets

K. Obi Reddy, C. Uma Maheswari, M. Shukla, E. Muzenda

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, perennial fast growth Napier grass fibers were used for pulp and papermaking. Chlorination and alkaline processes were carried out using sodium chlorite and sodium hydroxide respectively, for pulp extraction from Napier grass. Detailed chemical composition analysis of the Napier grass fibers and the extracted pulp was carried out and a comparison with other perennial grasses was made. The extracted fibers and pulp obtained from Napier grass were characterized using scanning electron microscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The physical, optical, and mechanical properties of Napier grass pulp handmade paper sheets produced in the laboratory were investigated by finding the opacity, brightness, tensile index, breaking length, and burst index. Handmade paper sheets made from Napier grass pulp were compared to paper made from other perennial grasses. The superior properties of paper produced from Napier grass pulp indicate the suitability of Napier grass as an alternative non-wood source for papermaking. 
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1527-1534
JournalSeparation Science and Technology
Issue number10
Early online date18 Mar 2014
Publication statusPublished - 2014

Bibliographical note

cited By 2


  • Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy
  • Mechanical properties
  • Paper
  • Paper products
  • Papermaking
  • Scanning electron microscopy, Alkaline process
  • Chemical composition analysis
  • Chemical compositions
  • Napier grass
  • properties
  • Properties of paper
  • Pulp and papermaking
  • Sodium hydroxides, Pulp, Chemical Composition
  • Fourier Analysis
  • Grasses
  • Infrared Spectroscopy
  • Mechanical Properties
  • Paper Properties
  • Pulps
  • Scanning Electron Microscopy


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