Activities per year
Physical-distancing (i.e., keeping 1-2m apart when co-located) can prevent cases of infectious-diseases spread by droplets/aerosols (i.e. SARS-COV2). Distancing is a recommendation/requirement in many countries. This systematic-review aimed to determine which interventions and behaviour change techniques (BCTs) are effective in promoting adherence to physical-distancing and through which potential mechanisms of action (MOAs).
Six databases were searched for studies of physical-distancing interventions. A narrative synthesis included any design that included a comparator (e.g., pre-intervention versus post-intervention; randomised controlled trial), for any population and year. Risk-of-bias was assessed using the Mixed Methods Appraisal Tool. BCTs and potential MoAs were identified in each intervention.
Six papers of moderate/high quality indicated that distancing interventions could successfully change MoAs/behaviour. Successful BCTs (MoAs) included feedback on behaviour (e.g., motivation); information about/ salience of health consequences (e.g., beliefs about consequences) and demonstration (e.g., beliefs about capabilities) and restructuring the physical environment (e.g., environmental context and resources). The most promising interventions were proximity buzzers, directional systems and posters with loss-framed messages that demonstrated the behaviours.
High quality RCTs that measure behaviour, have representative samples and specify/test a larger range of BCTs /MoAs are needed.
|Publication status||Published - 13 Jun 2021|
- systematic review
- physical distancing
- social distancing
- behaviour change
FingerprintDive into the research topics of 'PREPRINT: Systematic review of interventions to promote the performance of physical distancing behaviours during pandemics/epidemics of infectious diseases spread via aerosols or droplets'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.
- 1 Research and Teaching at External Organisation
Gillian Shorter (Visiting lecturer)15 Jun 2021
Activity: Visiting an external institution types › Research and Teaching at External Organisation
Interventions to promote physical distancing behaviour during infectious disease pandemics or epidemics: a systematic reviewEpton, T., Ghio, D., Ballard, L. M., Allen, S. F., Kassianos, A. P., Hewitt, R., Swainston, K., Fynn, W. I., Rowland, V., Westbrook, J., Jenkinson, E., Morrow, A., McGeechan, G. J., Stanescu, S., Yousuf, A. A., Sharma, N., Begum, S., Karasouli, E., Scanlan, D., Shorter, G. W., & 10 others, 01 Jun 2022, In: Social Science & Medicine. 303, 16 p., 114946.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › peer-reviewOpen AccessFile16 Downloads (Pure)
Optimising physical distancing to reduce the spread of Covid-19: Behavioural science and disease prevention guidance for public health. Taking a Behavioural Science approachHart, J., Byrne-Davis, L., Epton, T., Ghio, D., Drury, J., Armitage, C., Shorter, G., Arden, M. A., Chadwick, P., Kamal, A., Lewis, L., McBride, E., O'Connor, D., Swanson, V., Whittaker, E. & Chater, A., 30 Jul 2021, Leicester: British Psychological Society.
Research output: Book/Report › Commissioned reportOpen AccessFile
What interventions are effective for promoting the performance of physical distancing behaviours during pandemics/epidemics of infectious diseases (spread via aerosols or droplets)?Epton, T., Byrne-Davis, L., Hart, J., Chater, A., Drury, J., Shorter, G. & Kamal, A., 28 Jan 2021, York: Centre for Reviews and Dissemination.
Research output: Other contribution › Protocol › peer-reviewOpen AccessFile