Preserving arteriovenous fistula outcomes during surgical training

Damian G McGrogan, Alexander P Maxwell, Nicholas G Inston, Hari Krishnan, Mel Field

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


PURPOSE: Arteriovenous fistulae (AVFs) are the preferred option for vascular access, as they are associated with lower mortality in hemodialysis patients than in those patients with arteriovenous grafts (AVGs) or central venous catheters (CVCs). We sought to assess whether vascular access outcomes for surgical trainees are comparable to fully trained surgeons.

METHODS: A prospectively collected database of patients was created and information recorded regarding patient demographics, past medical history, preoperative investigations, grade of operating surgeon, type of AVF formed, primary AVF function, cumulative AVF survival and functional patency.

RESULTS: One hundred and sixty-two patients were identified as having had vascular access procedures during the 6 month study period and 143 were included in the final analysis. Secondary AVF patency was established in 123 (86%) of these AVFs and 89 (62.2%) were used for dialysis. There was no significant difference in survival of AVFs according to training status of surgeon (log rank x2 0.506 p=0.477) or type of AVF (log rank x2 0.341 p=0.559). Patency rates of successful AVFs at 1 and 2 years were 60.9% and 47.9%, respectively.

CONCLUSION: We have demonstrated in this prospective study that there are no significant differences in outcomes of primary AVFs formed by fully trained surgeons versus surgical trainees. Creation of a primary AVF represents an excellent training platform for intermediate stage surgeons across general and vascular surgical specialties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)474-80
Number of pages7
JournalThe journal of vascular access
Issue number6
Early online date27 Aug 2014
Publication statusPublished - 28 Nov 2014


  • vascular access
  • haemodialysis


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