Data have always been a major priority for businesses of all sizes. Businesses tend to enhance their ability in contextualizing data and draw new insights from it as the data itself proliferates with the advancement of technologies. Federated learning acts as a special form of privacy-preserving machine learning technique and can contextualize the data. It is a decentralized training approach for privately collecting and training the data provided by mobile devices, which are located at different geographical locations. Furthermore, users can benefit from obtaining a well-trained machine learning model without sending their privacy-sensitive personal data to the cloud. This article focuses on the most significant challenges associated with the preservation of data privacy via federated learning. Valuable attack mechanisms are discussed, and associated solutions are highlighted to the corresponding attack. Several research aspects along with promising future directions and applications via federated learning are additionally discussed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Human-Computer Interaction
- Hardware and Architecture
- Computer Science Applications
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering