Processing and properties of carbon nanofibers reinforced epoxy powder composites

C. Palencia*, M. A. Mazo, A. Nistal, F. Rubio, J. Rubio, J. L. Oteo

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Commercially available CNFs (diameter 30-300 nm) have been used to develop both bulk and coating epoxy nanocomposites by using a solvent-free epoxy matrix powder. Processing of both types of materials has been carried out by a double-step process consisting in an initial physical premix of all components followed by three consecutive extrusions. The extruded pellets were grinded into powder and sieved. Carbon nanofibers powder coatings were obtained by electrostatic painting of the extruded powder followed by a curing process based in a thermal treatment at 200 °C for 25 min. On the other hand, for obtaining bulk carbon nanofibers epoxy composites, a thermal curing process involving several steps was needed. Gloss and mechanical properties of both nanocomposite coatings and bulk nanocomposites were improved as a result of the processing process. FE-SEM fracture surface microphotographs corroborate these results. It has been assessed the key role played by the dispersion of CNFs in the matrix, and the highly important step that is the processing and curing of the nanocomposites. Aprocessing stage consisted in three consecutive extrusions has reached to nanocomposites free of entanglements neither agglomerates. This process leads to nanocomposite coatings of enhanced properties, as it has been evidenced through gloss and mechanical properties. A dispersion limit of 1% has been determined for the studied system in which a given dispersion has been achieved, as the bending mechanical properties have been increased around 25% compared with the pristine epoxy resin. It has been also demonstrated the importance of the thickness in the nanocomposite, as it involves the curing stage. The complex curing treatment carried out in the case of bulk nanocomposites has reached to reagglomeration of CNFs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6021-6034
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Nanoparticle Research
Volume13
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2011
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Carbon nanofibers
  • Epoxy powder composites
  • Nanocomposite coatings

Cite this

Palencia, C., Mazo, M. A., Nistal, A., Rubio, F., Rubio, J., & Oteo, J. L. (2011). Processing and properties of carbon nanofibers reinforced epoxy powder composites. Journal of Nanoparticle Research, 13(11), 6021-6034. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11051-011-0331-1