Properties of Hydraulic Jump over Apparent Corrugated Beds

Shatirah Akib, Ashraf A. Ahmed, Hosen M. Imran, Muhamad F. Mahidin, Hassan S. Ahmed, Sadia Rahman

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    Abstract

    The characteristics of hydraulic jumps were investigated for three shapes of artificial apparent corrugated beds in a horizontal rectangular flume. Rectangular, triangular, and circular-shaped tire waste corrugated beds were used. Froude number ranged from 2.75 to 4.25. The experimental observations included water surface profiles, bed shear stress, and the hydraulic jump length. Results showed that the shape of the corrugation had relatively insignificant effects on hydraulic jump properties for small Froude numbers. The rectangular, triangular, and circular-shaped corrugated beds reduced the hydraulic jump length by up to 7, 10, and 11%, respectively. The corrugated bed also reduced the tailwater depth by up to 11.5% compared with the smooth bed. The apparent conditions of corrugated bed reduced the hydraulic jump relative length and height by about 0.4 and 0.5, respectively. The circular-shaped tire waste was found to be more effective in reducing the length and depth of the hydraulic jump.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)65-77
    Number of pages13
    JournalDam Engineering
    Volume25
    Issue number2
    Publication statusPublished - 2015

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