Psychosocial factors and their association with reflux oesophagitis, barrett's oesophagus and oesophageal adenocarcinoma

Paul Denver, Michael Donnelly, Liam J. Murray, Lesley A. Anderson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

AIM: To investigate the role of psychological characteristics as risk factors for oesophageal adenocarcinoma (OAC), as well as the reflux-mediated precursor pathway. METHODS: An all-Ireland population-based case-control study recruited 230 reflux oesophagitis (RO), 224 Barrett's oesophagus (BO) and 227 OAC patients and 260 controls. Each case/control group completed measures of stress, depression, self-efficacy, self-esteem, repression and social support. A comparative analysis was undertaken using polytomous logistic regression adjusted for potential confounders. RESULTS: Compared to controls, OAC patients were almost half as likely to report high stress levels over their lifetime (P = 0.010, OR 0.51; 95%CI: 0.29-0.90) and 36% less likely to report having experienced depression (OR 0.64; 95%CI: 0.42-0.98). RO patients reported significantly higher stress than controls particularly during middle- and senior-years (P for trends < 0.001). RO patients were 37% less likely to report having been highly emotionally repressed (OR 0.63; 95%CI: 0.41-0.95). All case groups (OAC, RO and BO) were more likely than controls to report having had substantial amounts of social support (OR 2.84; 95%CI: 1.63-4.97; OR 1.97; 95%CI: 1.13-3.44 and OR 1.83; 95%CI: 1.03-3.24, respectively). CONCLUSION: The improved psychological profile of OAC patients may be explained by response shift. The role of psychological factors in the development of OAC requires further investigation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1770-1777
Number of pages8
JournalWorld Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume19
Issue number11
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Mar 2013

Keywords

  • Adjustment
  • Barrett's oesophagus
  • Oesophageal adenocarcinoma
  • Psychological
  • Psychosocial factors
  • Reflux oesophagitis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gastroenterology

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