PTSD-8: A short PTSD inventory

Maj Hansen*, Tonny Elmose Andersen, Cherie Armour, Ask Elklit, Sabina Palic, Thomas Mackrill

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

70 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Traumatic events pose great challenges on mental health services in scarcity of specialist trauma clinicians and services. Simple short screening instruments for detecting adverse psychological responses are needed. Several brief screening instruments have been developed. However, some are limited, especially in relation to reflecting the posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) diagnosis. Recently, several studies have challenged pre-existing ideas about PTSD's latent structure. Factor analytic research currently supports two four factor models. One particular model contains a dysphoria factor which has been associated with depression and anxiety. The symptoms in this factor have been hailed as less specific to PTSD. The scope of this article is therefore to present a short screening instrument, based on this research; Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) - 8 items. The PTSD-8 is shown to have good psychometric properties in three independent samples of whiplash patients (n=1710), rape victims (n=305), and disaster victims (n=516). Good test-rest reliability is also shown in a pilot study of young adults from families with alcohol problems (n=56).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)101-108
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Practice and Epidemiology in Mental Health
Volume6
Publication statusPublished - 01 Dec 2010
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Brief instrument
  • Dysphoria
  • Measure
  • PTSD
  • Screen
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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