Pull-out behaviour of axially loaded basalt fibre reinforced polymer (BFRP) rods bonded parallel to the grain of glulam elements

D. Yeboah, S. Taylor, D. McPolin, R. Gilfillan

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    4 Citations (Scopus)


    Synopsis: Bonded-in rod timber joints off er several advantages over conventional types of joint, including high local force transfer, very stiff connections, and improved ?re and aesthetic properties since the connection is completely hidden in the insulating timber members. More recently, the use of ?bre reinforced polymer (FRP) as a connecting rod, alternative to steel rods, in bonded-in rod connections for timber structures has been investigated. However, the investigation into the behaviour of such joints is limited, in particular, connections involving basalt ?bre reinforced polymers (BFRP) bars - which is the primary focus of this research. This paper presents an experimental programme conducted to investigate the behaviour of bonded-in BFRP bars loaded parallel to the grain of glulam members. Tensile pull-out tests were conducted to examine the effect of bonded length and bond stress-slip on the structural capacity of the connection. An analytical design expression for predicting pull-out capacity is proposed and the results have been compared with some established design equations. It was found that pull-out load increased approximately linearly with the bonded length, up to maximum which occurred at a bonded length of 15 times the hole diameter, and did not increase beyond this bonded length. The most signi?cant failure modes were failure at the timber/adhesive interface followed by pullout of the BFRP rod. Increased bonded lengths resulted in higher bond slip values compared to lower equivalent bonded lengths. The proposed design model gave the best predictions of pull-out capacity compared with other existing models.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)42-51
    Number of pages10
    JournalStructural Engineer
    Issue number5
    Publication statusPublished - May 2012

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Civil and Structural Engineering
    • Building and Construction
    • Architecture


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