Radiation induced bystander signals are independent of DNA damage and DNA repair capacity of the irradiated cells.

G. Kashino, K. Suzuki, S. Kodama, M. Watanabe, Kevin Prise

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


Evidence is accumulating that irradiated cells produce signals, which interact with non-exposed cells in the same population. Here, we analysed the mechanism for bystander signal arising in wild-type CHO cells and repair deficient varients, focussing on the relationship between DNA repair capacity and bystander signal arising in irradiated cells. In order to investigate the bystander effect, we carried out medium transfer experiments after X-irradiation where micronuclei were scored in non-targeted DSB repair deficient xrs5 cells. When conditioned medium from irradiated cells was transferred to unirradiated xrs5 cells, the level of induction was independent of whether the medium came from irradiated wild-type, ssb or dsb repair deficient cells. This result suggests that the activation of a bystander signal is independent of the DNA repair capacity of the irradiated cells. Also, pre-treatment of the irradiated cells with 0.5% DMSO, which suppresses micronuclei induction in CHO but not in xrs5 cells, suppressed bystander effects completely in both conditioned media, suggesting that DMSO is effective for suppression of bystander signal arising independently of DNA damage in irradiated cells. Overall the work presented here adds to the understanding that it is the repair phenotype of the cells receiving bystander signals, which determines overall response rather than that of the cell producing the bystander signal.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)134-138
Number of pages5
JournalMutation Research/Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jun 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis
  • Molecular Biology


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