Railway Air Brake Model and Parallel Computing Scheme

Qing Wu*, Colin Cole, Maksym Spiryagin, Yucang Wang, Weihua Ma, Chongfeng Wei

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)


This paper developed a detailed fluid dynamics model and a parallel computing scheme for air brake systems on long freight trains. The model consists of subsystem models for pipes, locomotive brake valves, and wagon brake valves. A new efficient hose connection boundary condition that considers pressure loss across the connection was developed. Simulations with 150 sets of wagon brake systems were conducted and validated against experimental data; the simulated results and measured results reached an agreement with the maximum difference of 15%; all important air brake system features were well simulated. Computing time was compared for simulations with and without parallel computing. The computing time for the conventional sequential computing scheme was about 6.7 times slower than real-time. Parallel computing using four computing cores decreased the computing time by 70%. Real-time simulations were achieved by parallel computing using eight computer cores.

Original languageEnglish
Article number051017
JournalJournal of Computational and Nonlinear Dynamics
Issue number5
Early online date15 May 2017
Publication statusPublished - 01 Sep 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2017 by ASME.

Copyright 2017 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Air brake
  • gas dynamics
  • method of characteristics
  • parallel computing
  • railway train dynamics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Applied Mathematics


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