Rapid screening for monensin residues in poultry plasma by a dry reagent dissociation enhanced lanthanide fluoroimmunoassay.

S.R.H. Crooks, Terence Fodey, G.R. Gilmore, Christopher Elliott

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23 Citations (Scopus)


Monensin, a carboxylic acid ionophore, is commonly fed to poultry to control coccidiosis. A method for rapid analysis of unextracted poultry plasma samples has been developed based on a novel immunoassay format: one-step all-in-one dry reagent time resolved fluorimetry. All assay specific components were pre-dried onto microtitration plate wells. Only addition of the serum sample diluted in assay buffer was required to perform analysis. Results were available one hour after sample addition. The limit of detection (mean + 3s) of the assay calculated from the analysis of 23 known negative samples was 14.2 ng ml(-1). Intra- and inter-assay RSD were determined as 15.2 and 7.4%, respectively, using a plasma sample fortified with 50 ng ml(-1) monensin. Eight broiler chickens were fed monensin at a dose rate of 120 mg kg(-1) feed for one week, blood sampled then slaughtered without drug withdrawal. Plasma monensin concentrations, as determined by the fluoroimmunoassay ranged from 101-297 ng ml(-1). This compared with monensin liver concentrations, determined by LC-MS, which ranged fi om 13-41 ng g(-1). The fluoroimmunoassay described is extremely user friendly, gives particularly rapid results and is suitable for the detection and quantification of plasma monensin residues. Data from medicated poultry suggest that analysis of plasma may be useful in predicting the extent of monensin liver residues.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2493-2496
Number of pages4
JournalThe Analyst
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry


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