Purpose. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate the rational design and behaviour of the first dual mode optical and chemical prodrug, exemplified by an acetyl salicylic acid-based system. Methods. A cyclic 1,4-benzodioxinone prodrug was synthesised by reaction of 3,5-dimethoxybenzoin and acetyl salicoyl chloride with pyridine. After purification by column chromatography and recrystallization, characterization was achieved using infrared and NMR spectroscopies, mass spectrometry, elemental analysis and single crystal X-ray diffraction. Light-triggered drug liberation was characterised via UV-visible spectroscopy following low-power 365 nm irradiation for controlled times. Chemical drug liberation was characterised via UV-visible spectroscopy in pH 5.5 solution. Results. The synthetic method yielded pure prodrug, with full supporting characterisation. Light-triggered drug liberation proceeded at a rate of 8.30 10j2 sj1, while chemical, hydrolytic liberation proceeded independently at 1.89 10j3 sj1. The photochemical and hydrolytic reactions were both quantitative. Conclusions. This study demonstrates the first rational dual-mode optical and chemical prodrug, using acetyl salicylic acid as a model, acting as a paradigm for future dual-mode systems. Photochemical drug liberation proceeds 44 times faster than chemical liberation, suggesting potential use in drug-eluting medical devices where an additional burst of drug is required at the onset of infection.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmaceutical Science
McCoy, C., Rooney, C., Jones, D., Gorman, S., & Nieuwenhuyzen, M. (2007). Rational design of a dual-mode optical and chemical prodrug. Pharmaceutical Research, 24(1), 194-200. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11095-006-9145-8