Real-space mapping of dynamic phenomena during hysteresis loop measurements: Dynamic switching spectroscopy piezoresponse force microscopy

A. Kumar, O. S. Ovchinnikov, H. Funakubo, S. Jesse, S. V. Kalinin

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Dynamic switching spectroscopy piezoresponse force microscopy is developed to separate thermodynamic and kinetic effects in local bias-induced phase transitions. The approaches for visualization and analysis of five-dimensional data are discussed. The spatial and voltage variability of relaxation behavior of the a-c domain lead zirconate-titanate surface suggest the interpretation in terms of surface charge dynamics. This approach is applicable to local studies of dynamic behavior in any system with reversible bias-induced phase transitions ranging from ferroelectrics and multiferroics to ionic systems such as batteries, fuel cells, and electroresistive materials. (C) 2011 American Institute of Physics. [doi:10.1063/1.3590919]

Original languageEnglish
Article number202903
Pages (from-to)-
Number of pages3
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number20
Publication statusPublished - 16 May 2011

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