We detail the calculations of North Sea Large Fish Indicator values for 2009-2011, demonstrating an apparent stall in recovery. Therefore, recovery to the Marine Strategy Framework Directive's good environmental status of 0.3 by the 2020 deadline now looks less certain and may take longer than was expected using data from 2006 to 2008.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Aquatic Science
- Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics