Recent developments in promotion and prevention: a scoping review of national plans in Finland, Ireland, New Zealand, Scotland and Wales

Shari McDaid*, Tomas Adell, Julie Cameron, Gavin Davidson, Lee Knifton, Claire McCartan, Ciaran Mulholland

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objective: Mental health promotion and primary prevention have been evident in government policies in recent decades and this focus may also be visible in response to the COVID-19 pandemic. However, there has yet to be a review of promotion and prevention in current mental health plans in relatively high-income countries with small populations. The objective of this review was to analyse recent government mental health plans in relatively high-income countries with small populations in order to compare and contrast their plans on promotion and prevention.

Method: The review focussed on mental health policies, strategies or action plans published in English between 2017 and 2020 in Finland, New Zealand, the Republic of Ireland, Scotland and Wales. The research team developed an analytical framework for the review based on online interviews with policy and mental health experts and WHO guidance. Individual plans were then reviewed against the policy framework to produce an analysis in table form which provided the basis for a narrative discussion of developments.

Results: There is evidence of attention in current mental health plans to ‘whole of population’ mental health and prevention which suggests a consensus on the need for action at this end of the spectrum. The extent of commitments to prevention and to reducing inequalities in mental health varies and is evidenced by commitments to cross-departmental structures for action on mental health and dedicated actions to reduce inequalities.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages14
JournalAdvances in Mental Health
Early online date11 Jan 2022
Publication statusEarly online date - 11 Jan 2022

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