Reconciling copyright with cumulative creativity. The Third Paradigm

Research output: Book/ReportBook

8 Citations (Scopus)


Reconciling Copyright with Cumulative Creativity: The Third Paradigm examines the long history of creativity, from cave art to digital remix, in order to demonstrate a consistent disparity between the traditional cumulative mechanics of creativity and modern copyright policies. From Platonic mimesis to Shakespeare’s ‘borrowed feathers’, culture was produced under a paradigm in which imitation, plagiarism, and social authorship formed key elements of the creative moment (the 1st paradigm). However, the cumulative nature of creativity is rarely accounted for in modern copyright policies, which build upon a post-Romantic individualistic view emphasizing absolute originality rather than imitation (the 2nd paradigm). Today, in an era of networked mass collaboration and user-based creativity, the enclosure of knowledge brought about by an ever-expanding copyright paradigm seems archaic, and a deliberate defiance of inevitable cultural evolution. Giancarlo Frosio calls for returning creativity to an inclusive rather than exclusive process, so that the 1st and 2nd creative paradigms can be reconciled into an emerging third paradigm. This ground-breaking work will appeal to those interested in both the history and future of creativity and copyright.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherEdward Elgar Publishing Ltd
Number of pages392
ISBN (Electronic)9781788114189
ISBN (Print)9781788114172
Publication statusPublished - 25 May 2018
Externally publishedYes

Publication series

NameCEIPI Studies in Intellectual Property
PublisherEdward Elgar

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© Giancarlo Frosio 2018.


  • copyright
  • creativty
  • innovation
  • intellectual property
  • history
  • economics
  • policy
  • digitisation
  • Internet

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences


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