Regulation of TLR2, TLR4 and CD14 mRNA in gingival fibroblasts.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePoster

Abstract

Gingival fibroblasts constitutively express pattern recognition molecules including the Toll-like receptors (TLRs) and produce various cytokines following interaction with bacterial ligands including LPS. Hence gingival fibroblasts are thought to play an important role in the pathogenesis of chronic inflammatory periodontal disease.
Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate the regulation of expression of TLRs and CD-14 mRNA by gingival fibroblasts, and subsequently the responsiveness of these cells to bacterial stimulation Methods: Gingival fibroblasts were stimulated with IL-1ß (10ng/ml), IFN-g (1000IU/ml), P. gingivalis LPS (1µg/ml), E. coli LPS (1µg/ml) or P. gingivalis sonicate (10µg/ml) for 6 and 24 hr. TLR2, TLR4 and CD14 mRNA expression was subsequently determined by Q-PCR utilising Taqman chemistry. The effects of each factor on mRNA expression was analysed by ANOVA. Cells were pre-incubated with IFN-g (1000IU/ml) for 48hr followed by stimulation with E. coli LPS over the concentration range 0 - 10.0 µg/ml for a further 48 hr. IL-8 production by fibroblasts was subsequently determined by ELISA. Results: After 24 hr IFN-g induced a statistically significant increase in TLR2, TLR4 and CD14 mRNA expression. In contrast, IL-1ß, P. gingivalis LPS, E. coli LPS and P. gingivalis sonicate had no significant effect on mRNA expression at either timepoint. Following pre-stimulation with IFN-g, E. coli LPS increased IL-8 production by gingival fibroblasts in a concentration-dependent manner. Conclusion: IFN-g stimulates mRNA expression levels of TLR2, TLR4 and CD14 in gingival fibroblasts, which may subsequently lead to an increased responsiveness of fibroblasts to bacterial stimulation.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 10 Sep 2008
EventPan European Federation of IADR - Dublin, Ireland
Duration: 10 Sep 200812 Sep 2008

Conference

ConferencePan European Federation of IADR
CountryIreland
CityDublin
Period10/09/200812/09/2008

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Lappin, M., Coulter, W., & Irwin, C. (2008). Regulation of TLR2, TLR4 and CD14 mRNA in gingival fibroblasts.. Poster session presented at Pan European Federation of IADR, Dublin, Ireland.