Relation between the microstructure and properties of commercial titanium alloys and the parameters of gas nitriding

S. Malinov*, A. Zhecheva, W. Sha

*Corresponding author for this work

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    20 Citations (Scopus)


    Titanium alloys are unique materials with an excellent combination of properties. However, their applications are limited due to low surface hardness. In the present work gas nitriding is performed with the aim of improving the surface properties of commercial titanium alloys. Four widely used titanium alloys, namely, Ti - 6% Al - 4% V, Ti - 6% Al - 2% Sn - 4% Zr - 2% Mo, Ti - 8% Al - 1% Mo - 1% V, and Ti - 10% V - 3% Fe - 3% Al, are studied. The process is performed in a nitrogen atmosphere at 950 and 1050°C for 1, 3, and 5 h. The resulting surface hardness exceeds the normal value for titanium alloys by a factor of 3 - 5 due to the change in the phase composition of the surface layer, yielding a solid solution of nitrogen in an α-Ti phase, a TiN nitride, and TiO2 dioxide. The influence of the parameters of the treatment process and the chemical composition of the alloys on the phase composition, microstructure, microhardness, and thickness of the surface layer is analyzed. It is shown that nitriding of alloys with α- and (α + β)-structures at 1050°C yields surface layers with inhomogeneous composition and irregular thickness, whereas after nitriding at 950°C the surface layers are homogeneous and have high properties. Practical recommendations are given for choosing nitriding parameters for different alloys and variants of application are discussed.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)286-293
    Number of pages8
    JournalMetal Science and Heat Treatment
    Issue number7-8
    Publication statusPublished - 01 Jul 2004

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Condensed Matter Physics
    • Mechanics of Materials
    • Metals and Alloys


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