Relations Between Political Violence and Child Adjustment: a four-wave test of the role of emotional insecurity about community

E. Mark Cummings*, Laura Taylor, Christine E. Merrilees, Marcie C. Goeke-Morey, Peter Shirlow, Ed Cairns

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

This study further explored the impact of sectarian violence and children's emotional insecurity about community on child maladjustment using a 4-wave longitudinal design. The study included 999 mother-child dyads in Belfast, Northern Ireland (482 boys, 517 girls). Across the 4 waves, child mean age was 12.19 (SD = 1.82), 13.24 (SD = 1.83), 13.61 (SD = 1.99), and 14.66 years (SD = 1.96), respectively. Building on previous studies of the role of emotional insecurity in child adjustment, the current study examines within-person change in emotional insecurity using latent growth curve analyses. The results showed that children's trajectories of emotional insecurity about community were related to risk for developing conduct and emotion problems. These findings controlled for earlier adjustment problems, age, and gender, and took into account the time-varying nature of experience with sectarian violence. Discussion considers the implications for children's emotional insecurity about community for relations between political violence and children's adjustment, including the significance of trajectories of emotional insecurity over time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2212-2224
JournalDevelopmental Psychology
Volume49
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013

Bibliographical note

PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved.

Keywords

  • political violence
  • emotional security
  • conduct problems
  • emotion problems
  • sectarian conflict
  • NORTHERN-IRELAND
  • MENTAL-HEALTH
  • DIFFICULTIES QUESTIONNAIRE
  • PSYCHOLOGICAL ADJUSTMENT
  • PSYCHOSOCIAL ADJUSTMENT
  • POSTTRAUMATIC STRESS
  • PROTECTIVE FACTORS
  • MILITARY VIOLENCE
  • WAR EXPOSURE
  • FIT INDEXES

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies
  • Demography

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