Remediation of dyes in textile effluent: A critical review on current treatment technologies with a proposed alternative

Tim Robinson, Geoff McMullan, Roger Marchant, Poonam Nigam*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

3459 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The control of water pollution has become of increasing importance in recent years. The release of dyes into the environment constitutes only a small proportion of water pollution, but dyes are visible in small quantities due to their brilliance. Tightening government legislation is forcing textile industries to treat their waste effluent to an increasingly high standard. Currently, removal of dyes from effluents is by physio-chemical means. Such methods are often very costly and although the dyes are removed, accumulation of concentrated sludge creates a disposal problem. There is a need to find alternative treatments that are effective in removing dyes from large volumes of effluents and are low in cost, such as biological or combination systems. This article reviews the current available technologies and suggests an effective, cheaper alternative for dye removal and decolourisation applicable on large scale.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)247-255
Number of pages9
JournalBioresource Technology
Volume77
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Chemical, physical and biological treatments
  • Dye decolourisation
  • Solid state fermentation (SSF)
  • Textile dyes
  • White-rot fungi

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Food Science
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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