Reproductive success of parasitized males in a marine reef fish

Paul J. Mensink, Shane W. Geange, Jeffrey S. Shima

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Parasitism is hypothesized to reduce reproductive success in heavily parasitized males because females
may preferentially mate with less parasitized males (parasite-mediated sexual selection) or parasites may compromise
male competitiveness. In marine systems, this hypothesis is largely unexplored. This paper provides the first confirmed record of a copepod ectoparasite (Caligus buechlerae Hewitt 1964) on the common triplefin (Forsterygion lapillum) and evaluates the hypothesis that males parasitized with C. buechlerae experience lower reproductive success than unparasitized males (as determined
by the presence and area of eggs within male nests). We found that 38 % of males we surveyed were infected with
at least one C. buechlerae, with a median of two individuals per infected male. About 32 % of males were defending
eggs, with 62.5 % of those males infected with at least one parasite. Males of greater total length (TL) were both
more likely to be infected and more likely to be defending eggs. However, when statistically accounting for the effects
of TL, parasite infection had no effect on the probability of defending eggs, or the average surface area of eggs when
present. Positive covariation in fish length, the presence of eggs and parasite infection observed here potentially suggest
that the importance of parasitic infection on reproductive success may depend upon the strength of selection for larger male body size. Our study is one of the few studies to investigate the effects of ectoparasites on reproductive success in reef fish and also provides a quantitative measure of infection for a widespread species within New Zealand.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2689-2696
Number of pages8
JournalMarine Biology
Volume161
Issue number11
Early online date11 Sep 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 Nov 2014

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reproductive success
reefs
reef
fish
parasite
egg
parasites
ectoparasite
ectoparasites
Caligus
infection
parasitoses
sexual selection
parasitism
competitiveness
body size
surface area
nest
Copepoda
nests

Cite this

Mensink, Paul J. ; Geange, Shane W. ; Shima, Jeffrey S. / Reproductive success of parasitized males in a marine reef fish. In: Marine Biology. 2014 ; Vol. 161, No. 11. pp. 2689-2696.
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Mensink, PJ, Geange, SW & Shima, JS 2014, 'Reproductive success of parasitized males in a marine reef fish', Marine Biology, vol. 161, no. 11, pp. 2689-2696. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00227-014-2533-4

Reproductive success of parasitized males in a marine reef fish. / Mensink, Paul J.; Geange, Shane W.; Shima, Jeffrey S.

In: Marine Biology, Vol. 161, No. 11, 01.11.2014, p. 2689-2696.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Mensink, Paul J.

AU - Geange, Shane W.

AU - Shima, Jeffrey S.

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AB - Parasitism is hypothesized to reduce reproductive success in heavily parasitized males because femalesmay preferentially mate with less parasitized males (parasite-mediated sexual selection) or parasites may compromisemale competitiveness. In marine systems, this hypothesis is largely unexplored. This paper provides the first confirmed record of a copepod ectoparasite (Caligus buechlerae Hewitt 1964) on the common triplefin (Forsterygion lapillum) and evaluates the hypothesis that males parasitized with C. buechlerae experience lower reproductive success than unparasitized males (as determinedby the presence and area of eggs within male nests). We found that 38 % of males we surveyed were infected withat least one C. buechlerae, with a median of two individuals per infected male. About 32 % of males were defendingeggs, with 62.5 % of those males infected with at least one parasite. Males of greater total length (TL) were bothmore likely to be infected and more likely to be defending eggs. However, when statistically accounting for the effectsof TL, parasite infection had no effect on the probability of defending eggs, or the average surface area of eggs whenpresent. Positive covariation in fish length, the presence of eggs and parasite infection observed here potentially suggestthat the importance of parasitic infection on reproductive success may depend upon the strength of selection for larger male body size. Our study is one of the few studies to investigate the effects of ectoparasites on reproductive success in reef fish and also provides a quantitative measure of infection for a widespread species within New Zealand.

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