Resistance of alkali activated slag concretes to chloride environments based on chloride penetration measurements

Dali Bondar, Sreejith Nanukuttan, Marios Soutsos, John Provis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution



One of the binder systems with low environmental footprint is alkali activated slag concretes (AASC), made by adding alkalis such as sodium hydroxide and sodium silicate to industrial by-products such as ground granulated blast furnace slag (GGBS). Whilst they have the similar behaviour as that of traditional cement systems in terms of strength and structural behaviour, AASC do exhibit superior performance in terms of abrasion and acid resistance and fire protection.
In this article, the authors focus their attention on chloride ingress into different grades of AASC. The mix variables in AASC included water-to-binder, binder to aggregate ratio, percentage of alkali and the SiO2/Na2O ratio (silica modulus, Ms). The first challenge is to get mixes for different range of workability (with slump values from 40mm to 240mm) and reasonable early age and long term compressive strength according to each one. Then the chloride diffusion and migration in those mixes were measured and compared with same normal concretes in the existed literature based on chloride penetration depth. Comparing the chloride ingress between tradition concretes and AASCs is worthwhile to prove the possibility of increasing concrete lifetime in proximity to sea and deciding while such concretes are practical for use. Findings show that compared to the PC concretes, the AAS concretes have lower rate of chloride ingress.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 36th Cement and Concrete Science Conference
PublisherUCL Press
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 05 Sept 2016
Event36th Annual Cement and Concrete Science Conference - Cardiff, United Kingdom
Duration: 05 Sept 201606 Sept 2016 (Link to conference details online)


Conference36th Annual Cement and Concrete Science Conference
Country/TerritoryUnited Kingdom
Internet address


  • alkali activated slag
  • chloride ingress
  • chloride diffusion
  • alkali activated concrete
  • chloride migration
  • workability


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