Resource-Shared Crypto-Coprocessor of AES Enc/Dec With SHA-3

Dur-e Shahwar Kundi, Ayesha Khalid, Arshad Aziz, Chenghua Wang, Maire O'Neill, Weiqiang Liu

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Abstract

Cryptographic co-processors are integral to the modern System-on-Chips. Flexibility in such designs serves dual purpose, i.e., it enables acceleration of different essential cryptographic primitives (Encryption/Authentication/Pseudo Random Number Generation (PRNG)) and also results in design compaction via resource sharing. In this context, a novel resource-shared crypto-coprocessor, named AEHA−3ispresented,whichcombinestwoNationalInstituteofStandardsandTechnology(NIST)standardizedalgorithms,i.e.,AdvanceEncryptionStandard(AES)andSecureHashAlgorithm−3(SHA−3).Duetoalgorithmicdissimilarities,sofarnoresource−sharedimplementationenablingAESkeyscheduling/enc/decandSHA−3hasbeenpresented.AEHA-3 exploits resource-sharing for area reduction, i.e., integration of Look-Up-Tables (I-Tables) for AES enc/dec; logical optimization of Six Input Equation (SixIE) for SHA-3; a Unified XOR Section to carry out both key whitening in AES and SHA-3 transformations. Furthermore, the AES key scheduling was performed using the same resource-shared hardware. The proposed AE$HA-3 on Xilinx Virtex FPGA family results in highest hardware efficiency in terms of Throughput per Slice (TPS), along with a 49.37% area consumption reduction, when compared against the smallest stand-alone implementations presented to date.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers
Early online date03 Jun 2020
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 03 Jun 2020

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