Retinal ultrastructural findings in cone degeneration

T. A. Buchanan, T. A. Gardiner, V. de Jesus, P. Eustace, D. B. Archer

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3 Citations (Scopus)


We studied an eye from a 73-year-old man with a sporadic type of retinal cone degeneration and choroidal melanoma. Histologic and ultrastructural studies of the nasal retina unaffected by the choroidal melanoma showed alterations at the outer retina predominantly involving the photoreceptors and retinal pigment epithelium. A wide spectrum of pathologic changes were observed, ranging from near normal retina showing only photoreceptor outer segment disease (distortion and kinking) to grossly pathologic regions where photoreceptor cell bodies were sparse and their outer segments absent. The retinal pigment epithelium in minimally affected regions of the retina showed an increased proportion of the melanin complement of the cell within complex granules. In severe disease, many cells showed only giant complex granules with no free melanin. Retinal pigment epithelial cell migration and relocation around blood vessels was also noted in severe disease.
Original languageUndefined/Unknown
Pages (from-to)405-413
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Ophthalmology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 15 Oct 1988

Bibliographical note

LR: 20081121; JID: 0370500; 0 (Melanins); ppublish


  • Aged
  • Cell Membrane/ultrastructure
  • Choroid Neoplasms/ultrastructure
  • Cytoplasmic Granules/ultrastructure
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Melanins
  • Melanoma/ultrastructure
  • Microscopy, Electron
  • Photoreceptor Cells/ultrastructure
  • Pigment Epithelium of Eye/ultrastructure
  • Retinal Degeneration/pathology
  • Scotoma/pathology

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