Revisiting the progenitor of the low-luminosity type II-plateau supernova, SN 2008bk

David O'Neill*, Rubina Kotak, Morgan Fraser, Seppo Mattila, Grzegorz Pietrzynski, J.L. Prieto

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Working paper


The availability of updated model atmospheres for red supergiants and improvements in single and binary stellar evolution models, together with previously unpublished data, prompted us to revisit the progenitor of the low-luminosity type II-plateau supernova (type IIP SN), SN 2008bk. Using mid-infrared (mid-IR) data in combination with dust models, we find that high-temperature (4250−4500 K), high extinction (E(B − V)> 0.7) solutions are incompatible with the data. We therefore favour a cool (∼3500−3700 K) progenitor with a luminosity of log(L/L⊙) ∼ 4.53. Comparing with evolutionary tracks, we infer progenitor masses in the 8–10 M⊙ range in agreement with some previous studies. This mass is consistent with the observed pattern of low-luminosity type IIP SNe coming from the explosion of red supergiant stars (RSGs) at the lower extremum for core collapse. We also present multi-epoch data for the progenitor, but do not find clear evidence of variability.
Original languageEnglish
Place of PublicationAstronomy & Astrophysics
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jan 2021


  • supernovae
  • stellar evolution


Dive into the research topics of 'Revisiting the progenitor of the low-luminosity type II-plateau supernova, SN 2008bk'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this