Rheological, mechanical and membrane penetration properties of novel dual drug systems for percutaneous delivery

A.D. Woolfson, R.K. Malcolm, Katrina Campbell, D.S. Jones, J.A. Russell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)


In this study it has been demonstrated that mixtures of two solid drugs, ibuprofen and methyl nicotinate, with different but complementary pharmacological activities and which exist as a single liquid phase over a wide composition range at skin temperature, can be formulated as o/w emulsions without the use of an additional hydrophobic carrier. These novel dual drug systems provided significantly enhanced in vitro penetration rates through a model lipophilic barrier membrane compared to conventional individual formulations of each active. Thus, for ibuprofen, drug penetration flux enhancements of three- and 10-fold were observed when compared to an aqueous ibuprofen suspension and a commercial alcohol-based ibuprofen formulation, respectively. Methyl nicotinate penetration rates were shown to be similar for aqueous gels and emulsified systems. Mechanisms explaining these observations are proposed. Novel dual drug formulations of ibuprofen and methyl nicotinate, formulated within the liquid range at skin temperature, were investigated by oscillatory rheology and texture profile analysis. demonstrating the effects of drug and viscosity enhancer concentrations, and disperse phase type upon the rheological, mechanical and drug penetration properties of these systems. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)395-408
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Controlled Release, ISSN
Issue number2-3
Publication statusPublished - 03 Jul 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science

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