Rising incidence of Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia suggests iatrogenic exposure of immune compromised patients may be becoming a significant problem.

Conall McCaughey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Against a background of point-source outbreaks of Pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) in renal transplant units in Europe, we undertook a retrospective 3 year observational review of PCP in Northern Ireland. This showed an unexpected increase in incidence, with a mortality rate of 30%. Fifty-one cases were confirmed compared to 10 in the preceding 7 years. Where undiagnosed HIV infection had previously been the main risk factor for PCP, this was now equally matched by chemotherapy for haematological and non-haematological malignancy and immune suppression for a range of autoimmune conditions. Congenital immunodeficiency and transplantation were less common pre-disposing factors, but renal grafts also showed a rising incidence. Asymptomatic carriage was uncommon. At presentation both upper and lower respiratory samples were of equal use in establishing the diagnosis and treatment resulted in rapid clearance. The data suggests the need for considering PCP in at risk patients, reviewing its mode of acquisition and whether iatrogenic colonization is a treatable pre-condition. [Epub ahead of print]
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1009-1015
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Medical Microbiology
Volume?
Issue numberPART7
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Microbiology

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