Risk factors for falls and injuries in a long-term care facility in Ontario

P.D. Krueger, K. Brazil, L.H. Lohfeld

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


OBJECTIVE: To identify risk factors for falls and injuries among seniors living in a long-term care facility.

METHOD: Case-control study of 335 residents living at St. Joseph's Villa, Dundas, Ontario. Cases were defined as residents who fell between July 1, 1996 and June 30, 1997; controls were those who did not fall. To identify risk factors for injury, cases were defined as those with completed incident injury forms and controls as those without.

RESULTS: The most important risk factors for falls included: having fallen in the past three months; residing in a secured unit; living in the facility for two or more years; having the potential to cause injury to others; and having an illness, disease or behaviour that may cause a fall. The most important risk factor for injury among those who fell was altered mental state.

CONCLUSION: The risk factors identified may be helpful to those planning falls prevention initiatives within long-term care settings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)117-20
Number of pages4
JournalCanadian Journal of Public Health
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 08 May 2001

Bibliographical note

Medline is the source for the MeSH terms of this document.


  • Accidental Falls
  • Activities of Daily Living
  • Aged
  • Aged, 80 and over
  • Case-Control Studies
  • Confusion
  • Female
  • Geriatric Assessment
  • Humans
  • Logistic Models
  • Male
  • Ontario
  • Risk Assessment
  • Risk Factors
  • Risk Management
  • Skilled Nursing Facilities
  • Wounds and Injuries
  • Journal Article

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