1. Measurements of artery contraction, cytosolic [Ca(2+)], and Ca(2+) permeability were made to examine contractile and cytosolic [Ca(2+)] responses of canine pulmonary arteries and isolated cells to 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT), and to determine the roles of intracellular Ca(2+) release and extracellular Ca(2+) entry in 5-HT responses. 2. The EC(50) for 5-HT-mediated contractions and cytosolic [Ca(2+)] increases was approximately 10(-7) M and responses were inhibited by ketanserin, a 5-HT(2A)-receptor antagonist. 3. 5-HT induced cytosolic [Ca(2+)] increases were blocked by 20 microM Xestospongin-C and by 2-APB (IC(50)=32 microM inhibitors of InsP(3) receptor activation. 4. 5-HT-mediated contractions were reliant on release of InsP(3) but not ryanodine-sensitive Ca(2+) stores. 5. 5-HT-mediated contractions and cytosolic [Ca(2+)] increases were partially inhibited by 10 microM nisoldipine, a voltage-dependent Ca(2+) channel blocker. 6. Extracellular Ca(2+) removal reduced 5-HT-mediated contractions further than nisoldipine and ablated cytosolic [Ca(2+)] increases and [Ca(2+)] oscillations. Similar to Ca(2+) removal, Ni(2+) reduced cytosolic [Ca(2+)] and [Ca(2+)] oscillations. 7. Mn(2+) quench of fura-2 and voltage-clamp experiments showed that 5-HT failed to activate any significant voltage-independent Ca(2+) entry pathways, including store-operated and receptor-activated nonselective cation channels. Ni(2+) but not nisoldipine or Gd(3+) blocked basal Mn(2+) entry. 8. Voltage-clamp experiments showed that simultaneous depletion of both InsP(3) and ryanodine-sensitive intracellular Ca(2+) stores activates a current with linear voltage dependence and a reversal potential consistent with it being a nonselective cation channel. 5-HT did not activate this current. 9. Basal Ca(2+) entry, rather than CCE, is important to maintain 5-HT-induced cytosolic [Ca(2+)] responses and contraction in canine pulmonary artery.
|Journal||British Journal of Pharmacology|
|Publication status||Published - 2005|