NG108-15 cells, which have a rounding-up morphology when cultured in serum-supplemented medium, extend neurites when stimulated for 3 d with angiotensin II (Ang II). The aim of the present study was to investigate whether growth factor receptors are necessary for mediating the effects of Ang II. A 3-d treatment with AG879, an inhibitor of nerve growth factor receptor TrkA, strongly affected neurite outgrowth and phosphorylation of p42/p44 mapk induced by Ang II. PD168393, an inhibitor of epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor slightly decreased Ang II-induced neurite outgrowth, whereas AG213, an inhibitor of both platelet-derived growth factor receptor and EGF receptor, stimulated neurite outgrowth and p42/p44mapk phosphorylation on its own, without affecting further stimulation with Ang II. Moreover, Ang II induced the phosphorylation of TrkA (maximum at 5 min of incubation in the presence of serum or at 20 min in cells depleted in serum for 2 h) and a rapid increase in Rap1 activity, both effects abolished in cells preincubated with 10 μM AG879. In summary, the present results demonstrate that AT2 receptor-induced sustained activation of p42/p44 mapk and corresponding neurite outgrowth are mediated by phosphorylation of the nerve growth factor TrkA receptor. However, the results also point out that the presence of other growth factors, such as EGF or PDFG, may interfere with the effect of Ang II. Altogether, the current findings clearly indicate that the effects of the AT2 receptor on neurite outgrowth dynamics are modulated by the presence of growth factors in the culture medium.
ASJC Scopus subject areas