Room-temperature single phase multiferroic magnetoelectrics: Pb(Fe,M)x(Zr,Ti)(1−x)O3 [M=Ta, Nb]

Dilsom A. Sanchez, Nora Ortega, Ashok Kumar, G. Sreenivasulu, Ram S. Katiyar, J. F. Scott, Donald M. Evans, Miryam Arredondo-Arechavala, Alina Schilling, J. M. Gregg

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We describe extensive studies on a family of perovskite oxides that are ferroelectric and ferromagnetic at ambient temperatures. The data include x-ray diffraction, Raman spectroscopy, measurements of ferroelectric and magnetic hysteresis, dielectric constants, Curie temperatures, electron microscopy
(both scanning electron microscope and transmission electron microscopy (TEM)) studies, and both longitudinal and transverse magnetoelectric constants a33 and a31. The study extends earlier work to lower Fe, Ta, and Nb concentrations at the B-site (from 15%–20% down to 5%). The magnetoelectric
constants increase supralinearly with Fe concentrations, supporting the earlier conclusions of a key role for Fe spin clustering. The room-temperature orthorhombic C2v point group symmetry inferred from earlier x-ray diffraction studies is confirmed via TEM, and the primitive unit cell size is found to be the basic perovskite Z¼1 structure of BaTiO3, also the sequence of phase transitions with increasing temperature from rhombohedral to orthorhombic to tetragonal to cubic mimics barium titanate.
Original languageEnglish
Article number074105
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Publication statusPublished - 21 Mar 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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