A new type of broadband retrodirective array, which has been constructed using a microstrip Rotman lens, is presented. Automatic tracking of targets is obtained by exploiting the conjugate phase response of the beamforming network which is exhibited when the input ports are terminated with either open or short circuits. In addition, the true time-delay property of the Rotman lens gives broadband operation of the self-tracking array when used in conjunction with Vivaldi antennas. The simulated and measured bistatic and monostatic radar cross-section (RCS) patterns of a structure consisting of 13 beamports and 12 array ports are presented at frequencies in the range 8-12 GHz. Significantly enhanced RCS within the scan coverage ±40° is demonstrated by comparing the retrodirective behavior of a 12-element Vivaldi array terminated with and without the Rotman lens. © 2006 IEEE.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering
- Condensed Matter Physics