Ruedas metafísicas: ‘Personality’ and ‘Essence’ in Remedios Varo’s Paintings

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    While most critics have noted the profound affinity Remedios Varo felt with the ideas she encountered in the esoteric philosophy of G. I. Gurdjieff and his pupil P. D. Ouspensky, only in recent years have they begun to uncover the extent to which this teaching informed her richly symbolic work. This article shows how Gurdjieff’s views on ‘personality’ and ‘essence’, as outlined in Ouspensky’s exposition of his master’s ideas, In Search of the Miraculous, informed Varo’s depiction of a quest for spiritual equilibrium. In doing so, it brings to light the importance Varo placed in the development of a robust, spiritual Self.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)445-462
    Number of pages18
    JournalHispanic Research Journal
    Issue number5
    Early online date11 Sep 2014
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2014


    • Remedios Varo
    • G. I. Gurdjieff
    • P. D. Ouspensky
    • Fourth Way
    • self
    • esotericism
    • surrealism
    • Latin America


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