Here we describe the structural and functional characterization of a novel myotropic peptide, sauvatide, from the skin secretion of the waxy monkey frog, Phyllomedusa sauvagei. Sauvatide is a C-terminally amidated decapeptide with the following primary structure – LRPAILVRTKamide – monoisotopic mass 1164.77 Da, which was found to contract the smooth muscle of rat urinary bladder with an EC50 of 2.2 nM. The sauvatide precursor, deduced from cloned skin cDNA, consists of 62 amino acid residues with a single copy of sauvatide located near the C-terminus. The mature peptide is generated from the precursor by cleavage at a classical –KR-cleavage site located proximal to the N-terminus and by removal of a –GKGK sequence at the C-terminus, the first glycyl residue acting as amide donor. Amphibian skin secretions thus continue to be a source of novel and potent biologically active peptides acting through functional targets in mammalian tissues.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 29 May 2009|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology
- Molecular Biology