Scour Concerns for Short-Span Masonry Arch Bridges

Brian Solan, Robert Ettema, Donal Ryan, Gerard A. Hamill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Short-span masonry arch bridges constitute a significant proportion of the existing bridge inventory in the UK, Ireland, Europe, and the northeastern United States. These historic structures are founded typically on relatively shallow footings of unknown depth and configuration or on timber piles weakened by age and environmental exposure. Flume experiments used two common forms of short-span, masonry arch bridge and showed how local scour may readily undermine such structures. The experiments demonstrated that traditional
hydraulic adjustments do not significantly reduce scour depth: streamlining abutments with wing walls and using cutwaters on piers. The usefulness of stone armor placed around abutments and piers was proven, but such armoring may relocate scour downstream of the bridge. The findings emphasize the scour-countermeasure benefits of foundation strengthening, flow bypassing by means of relief culverts (where feasible), and the use of channel armoring and energy-dissipation structures downstream of the bridge.
Original languageEnglish
Article number06019019
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Hydraulic Engineering
Volume146
Issue number2
Early online date19 Nov 2019
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 19 Nov 2019

Fingerprint

Masonry bridges
Arch bridges
Scour
masonry
scour
arch
Piers
pier
Culverts
Armor
Timber
flume experiment
Piles
footing
Energy dissipation
energy dissipation
Experiments
timber
pile
relief

Keywords

  • Abutments; Bridges; Scour; Foundations; Flooding.

Cite this

Solan, Brian ; Ettema, Robert ; Ryan, Donal ; Hamill, Gerard A. / Scour Concerns for Short-Span Masonry Arch Bridges. In: Journal of Hydraulic Engineering. 2020 ; Vol. 146, No. 2.
@article{5cd8718d456346cc85e76771b8140caa,
title = "Scour Concerns for Short-Span Masonry Arch Bridges",
abstract = "Short-span masonry arch bridges constitute a significant proportion of the existing bridge inventory in the UK, Ireland, Europe, and the northeastern United States. These historic structures are founded typically on relatively shallow footings of unknown depth and configuration or on timber piles weakened by age and environmental exposure. Flume experiments used two common forms of short-span, masonry arch bridge and showed how local scour may readily undermine such structures. The experiments demonstrated that traditionalhydraulic adjustments do not significantly reduce scour depth: streamlining abutments with wing walls and using cutwaters on piers. The usefulness of stone armor placed around abutments and piers was proven, but such armoring may relocate scour downstream of the bridge. The findings emphasize the scour-countermeasure benefits of foundation strengthening, flow bypassing by means of relief culverts (where feasible), and the use of channel armoring and energy-dissipation structures downstream of the bridge.",
keywords = "Abutments; Bridges; Scour; Foundations; Flooding.",
author = "Brian Solan and Robert Ettema and Donal Ryan and Hamill, {Gerard A.}",
year = "2019",
month = "11",
day = "19",
doi = "10.1061/(ASCE)HY.1943-7900.0001675",
language = "English",
volume = "146",
journal = "Journal of Hydraulic Engineering",
issn = "0733-9429",
publisher = "American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE)",
number = "2",

}

Scour Concerns for Short-Span Masonry Arch Bridges. / Solan, Brian; Ettema, Robert ; Ryan, Donal; Hamill, Gerard A.

In: Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, Vol. 146, No. 2, 06019019, 02.2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Scour Concerns for Short-Span Masonry Arch Bridges

AU - Solan, Brian

AU - Ettema, Robert

AU - Ryan, Donal

AU - Hamill, Gerard A.

PY - 2019/11/19

Y1 - 2019/11/19

N2 - Short-span masonry arch bridges constitute a significant proportion of the existing bridge inventory in the UK, Ireland, Europe, and the northeastern United States. These historic structures are founded typically on relatively shallow footings of unknown depth and configuration or on timber piles weakened by age and environmental exposure. Flume experiments used two common forms of short-span, masonry arch bridge and showed how local scour may readily undermine such structures. The experiments demonstrated that traditionalhydraulic adjustments do not significantly reduce scour depth: streamlining abutments with wing walls and using cutwaters on piers. The usefulness of stone armor placed around abutments and piers was proven, but such armoring may relocate scour downstream of the bridge. The findings emphasize the scour-countermeasure benefits of foundation strengthening, flow bypassing by means of relief culverts (where feasible), and the use of channel armoring and energy-dissipation structures downstream of the bridge.

AB - Short-span masonry arch bridges constitute a significant proportion of the existing bridge inventory in the UK, Ireland, Europe, and the northeastern United States. These historic structures are founded typically on relatively shallow footings of unknown depth and configuration or on timber piles weakened by age and environmental exposure. Flume experiments used two common forms of short-span, masonry arch bridge and showed how local scour may readily undermine such structures. The experiments demonstrated that traditionalhydraulic adjustments do not significantly reduce scour depth: streamlining abutments with wing walls and using cutwaters on piers. The usefulness of stone armor placed around abutments and piers was proven, but such armoring may relocate scour downstream of the bridge. The findings emphasize the scour-countermeasure benefits of foundation strengthening, flow bypassing by means of relief culverts (where feasible), and the use of channel armoring and energy-dissipation structures downstream of the bridge.

KW - Abutments; Bridges; Scour; Foundations; Flooding.

U2 - 10.1061/(ASCE)HY.1943-7900.0001675

DO - 10.1061/(ASCE)HY.1943-7900.0001675

M3 - Article

VL - 146

JO - Journal of Hydraulic Engineering

JF - Journal of Hydraulic Engineering

SN - 0733-9429

IS - 2

M1 - 06019019

ER -