Search protocols for hidden forensic objects beneath floors and within walls

Alastair Ruffell, Jamie Pringle, Shari Forbes

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Citations (Scopus)


The burial of objects (human remains, explosives, weapons) below or behind concrete, brick, plaster or tiling may be associated with serious crime and are difficult locations to search. These are quite common forensic search scenarios but little has been published on them to-date. Most documented discoveries are accidental or from suspect/witness testimony. The problem in locating such hidden objects means a random or chance-based approach is not advisable. A preliminary strategy is presented here, based on previous studies, augmented by primary research where new technology or applications are required. This blend allows a rudimentary search workflow, from remote desktop study, to non-destructive investigation through to recommendations as to how the above may inform excavation, demonstrated here with a case study from a homicide investigation. Published case studies on the search for human remains demonstrate the problems encountered when trying to find and recover sealed-in and sealed over locations. Established methods include desktop study, photography, geophysics and search dogs:these are integrated with new technology (LiDAR and laser scanning; photographic rectification; close quarter aerial imagery; ground-penetrating radar on walls and gamma-ray/neutron activation radiography) to propose this possible search strategy.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)137-145
Number of pages9
JournalForensic Science International
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014


Dive into the research topics of 'Search protocols for hidden forensic objects beneath floors and within walls'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this