Seaweed and Seaweed Bioactives for Mitigation of Enteric Methane: Challenges and Opportunities

D Wade Abbott, Inga Marie Aasen, Karen A Beauchemin, Fredrik Grondahl, Robert Gruninger, Maria Hayes, Sharon Huws, David A Kenny, Sophie J Krizsan, Stuart F Kirwan, Vibeke Lind, Ulrich Meyer, Mohammad Ramin, Katerina Theodoridou, Dirk von Soosten, Pamela J Walsh, Sinéad Waters, Xiaohui Xing

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)
1033 Downloads (Pure)


Seaweeds contain a myriad of nutrients and bioactives including proteins, carbohydrates and to a lesser extent lipids as well as small molecules including peptides, saponins, alkaloids and pigments. The bioactive bromoform found in the red seaweed Asparagopsis taxiformis has been identified as an agent that can reduce enteric CH4 production from livestock significantly. However, sustainable supply of this seaweed is a problem and there are some concerns over its sustainable production and potential negative environmental impacts on the ozone layer and the health impacts of bromoform. This review collates information on seaweeds and seaweed bioactives and the documented impact on CH4 emissions in vitro and in vivo as well as associated environmental, economic and health impacts.

Original languageEnglish
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 18 Dec 2020


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